The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA '97) defines Orthopedic Impairment as "a severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a child's educational performance. The term includes impairments caused by congenital anomaly (e.g., clubfoot, absence of some member, etc.), impairments caused by disease (e.g., poliomyelitis, bone tuberculosis, etc.), and impairments from other causes (e.g., cerebral palsy, amputations, and fractures or burns that cause contractures)."
Students with orthopedic impairments must follow the general education curriculum. However, some students may have an additional disability, or challenging medical interventions, that may require additional supports with learning to read, write, and do math.